Universe as a cosmic string

Florian Niedermann, Robert Schneider, Stefan Hofmann, Justin Khoury

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Abstract

The cosmology of brane-induced gravity in six infinite dimensions is investigated. It is shown that a brane with Friedmann-Robertson-Walker symmetries necessarily acts as a source of cylindrically symmetric gravitational waves, so-called Einstein-Rosen waves. Their existence essentially distinguishes this model from its codimension-one counterpart and necessitates solving the nonlinear system of bulk and brane-matching equations. A numerical analysis is performed and two qualitatively different and dynamically separated classes of cosmologies are derived: Degravitating solutions for which the Hubble parameter settles to zero despite the presence of a novanishing energy density on the brane, and superaccelerating solutions for which Hubble grows unbounded. The parameter space of both the stable and unstable regime is derived and observational consequences are discussed: It is argued that the degravitating regime does not allow for a phenomenologically viable cosmology. On the other hand, the superaccelerating solutions are potentially viable_s19 however, their unstable behavior questions their physical relevance.

Information

Published
2015 as article (english)
Phys. Rev. D, 91, 2 - page(s): 024002
Type
theoretical work
Links
pdf
dx.doi.org/10.1103/P…
Related to the research area(s):
A
e-Print
1410.0700

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